Parkash Singh Badal was a renowned Indian politician and the 8th Chief Minister of Punjab who served four terms as Chief Minister of Punjab from 1970 to 1971, 1977 to 1980, 1997 to 2002, and 2007 to 2017.
He also served as Leader of the Opposition in the Punjab Legislative Assembly and the 11th Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare in the Morarji Desai ministry from 1977 to 1977.
Parkash Singh Badal Biography
Parkash Singh Badal was a politician from India who was born on December 8, 1927, in Abul Khurana, Punjab Province, British India.  He passed away on April 25, 2023, at the age of 95 in Mohali, Punjab, India. He was a member of the Shiromani Akali Dal political party and previously affiliated with the National Democratic Alliance from 1998 to 2020.
Badal served as the Chief Minister of Punjab four times. His first term was from March 27, 1970, to June 14, 1971, followed by a term from June 20, 1977, to February 17, 1980. He also served from February 12, 1997, to February 26, 2002, and his final term was from March 1, 2007, to March 16, 2017.
He was also the Leader of the Opposition in the Punjab Assembly twice, from October 2, 1972, to April 30, 1977, and from June 7, 1980, to October 7, 1983. Badal served as the 11th Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, from March 28, 1977, to June 19, 1977, during the tenure of Prime Minister Morarji Desai.
Badal’s spouse was Surinder Kaur, and they had two children, including Sukhbir Singh Badal. His brother was Gurdas Singh Badal, and his nephew was Manpreet Singh Badal. Badal resided in Badal, Punjab, India, and was a politician by profession.
Early Life | Education
Parkash Singh Badal was born on 8 December 1927 in Abul Khurana, near Malout, in Punjab. He was born into a Jat Sikh family. He completed his education from Punjab University, Lahore, and graduated from Forman Christian College in Lahore. He graduated from the Forman Christian College in Lahore. Badal passed away on 25 April 2023, at the age of 95, in Mohali, Punjab.
Parkash Singh Badal started his political career in 1947 when he was appointed as a sarpanch (village head) of his village. Parkash Singh Badal then became a member of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) in 1957, representing the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) party.
In 1970, Badal became the Chief Minister of Punjab for the first time, but his tenure was cut short when President’s rule was imposed in the state in 1971. He then served as Leader of the Opposition in the Punjab Legislative Assembly from 1972 to 1977.
In 1977, when the Janata Party came to power at the national level, Badal became the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare in the Morarji Desai ministry. He held this position for a year before returning to Punjab to become Chief Minister again.
Badal served as Chief Minister of Punjab for a total of four times, with his most recent term lasting from 2007 to 2017. During his long political career, he played an instrumental role in the development of Punjab, particularly in the areas of agriculture, industry, and infrastructure.
Parkash Singh Badal is a prominent Indian politician who served as the Chief Minister of Punjab for five terms. He is known for his active participation in the Akali movement and his contribution to the development of Punjab.
Badal began his political career in the 1940s when he joined the Akali movement, which was fighting for the rights of the Sikh community in India. Parkash Singh Badal was actively involved in various agitations and protests organized by the Akali Dal. In 1957, he was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly and served as a member of the assembly for several terms.
Badal was first elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1970, but his tenure was short-lived. He was re-elected to the post in 1977 and served as the Chief Minister till 1980. During his tenure, he implemented several policies to promote agriculture, industry, and education in Punjab.
Badal was again elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1997, and he served in this position for two consecutive terms till 2002. During his tenure, he focused on improving the infrastructure, promoting tourism, and attracting foreign investment to Punjab. He also played a crucial role in resolving the conflicts between the Sikh community and the central government.
In 2007, Badal was elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab for the fourth time. During his tenure, he implemented several policies to promote the development of the state, including the construction of new highways, the establishment of new industries, and the promotion of tourism.
Badal also played a crucial role in promoting foreign direct investment (FDI) in Punjab. Parkash Singh Badal made several trips to different countries, including the United States, Canada, and Australia, to attract foreign investors to Punjab. As a result, several international companies invested in Punjab, creating job opportunities for the local people.
Badal’s tenure as the Chief Minister of Punjab was not without controversies. He was criticized for his handling of the 2015 Faridkot sacrilege case, in which several copies of the Sikh holy book were desecrated. He was also criticized for his government’s response to the 2016 Patiala house court violence, in which several journalists and students were attacked by lawyers.
Awards | Recognition
In 2015, the Government of India awarded Parkash Singh Badal the Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award in the country, in recognition of his contributions to public service.
Badal was also bestowed upon the title of Panth Rattan Fakhr-e-Qaum (Jewel of the Religion, Pride of the Community) by the Akal Takht in 2011, in recognition of his service towards the Sikh Panth.
However, in 2015, this award was retracted by the Sikh Panth at Sarbat Khalsa due to allegations of civil rights violations and failure to recognize the oppression faced by the Sikhs of Punjab.
Personal Life | Legacy
In 1959, he married Surinder Kaur, and the couple had two children, Sukhbir Singh Badal and Parneet Kaur. Parkash Singh Badal was the son of Raghuraj Singh and Sundri Kaur, and he belonged to a Jat Sikh family.
Badal graduated from the Forman Christian College in Lahore, Pakistan, in 1947. Badal’s younger brother Gurdas Singh Badal was also in politics, and his nephew Manpreet Singh Badal served as Finance Minister of Punjab.
Parkash Singh Badal died on April 25, 2023, at the age of 95 in Mohali, Punjab. He was a towering figure in Punjab politics and will be remembered for his contributions to the development of the state.
Parkash Singh Badal was an Indian politician who was born on December 8, 1927, in a village called Abul Khurana, which is now in Pakistan.  He belonged to a Jat Sikh family.
Badal was the Chief Minister of Punjab state for four terms, from 1970 to 1971, from 1977 to 1980, from 1997 to 2002, and from 2007 to 2017. 
He was also the president of the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) political party in Punjab state from 1996 to 2008.  In 2015, he received the Padma Vibhushan award, which is the second-highest civilian award in India.
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